(30/01/2017) | Categories:
Wedding Dresses |
Lace and weddings go together like, well,
wedding gowns and weddings. Regarded to be the
traditional bridal fabric, it has been popular for
luxury wedding gowns for centuries
What is lace?
Lace is a decorated fabric that is made either on a
background fabric of net or with no background fabric.
Today it is used both as an all over fabric and as an
Handmade or machine-made?
Way back when lace was a luxury fabric it was always
made by hand. Today it is largely machine made, and many
of the patterns (usually floral) imitate
the hand-made originals. Understanding how much handwork
goes into a type of lace and how intricate the design
will give you a clue to how expensive it is. Expect to
pay hundreds or even thousands of dollars per metre for
the most intricate laces.
Here are some of the major
types of lace used in wedding gowns:
- All over lace. The pattern covers the
entire fabric, rather than being isolated on one
section of background net.
- Ajour lace. A very open lace design with
the pattern scattered on the ground.
lace. Lace made on a sheer net fabric
with a solid design that is outlined by cord.
- Antique lace. A heavy lace made on a
square knotted net with designs darned onto the net.
Machine made antique lace is usually used for
curtains but I have seen it used in wedding gowns
- Argentan lace. Somewhat similar to Alençon lace
but the designs are usually not outlines with cord.
The designs are also often larger and bolder than
those of Alençon
- Belgian lace. Any lace made in
Belgium! However, originally it meant a bobbin
lace worked on a machine made net.
- Binche lace. Handmade lace motifs are
appliqued onto a machine-made net ground.
- Bobbin lace. Lace made using a pillow to
hold pins around which thread is arranged. Bobbins
are used to hold and feed the thread. Not generally
used for yardage, but for features such as collars
- Bourdon lace. Machine made lace,
usually in a scroll design with the design outlined
with a heavy thread.
- Breton lace. Lace made on open net,
usually embroidered with very heavy coloured yarns.
- Brussels lace. May be either a bobbin
lace or a needlepoint lace. It is usually worked on
a machine-made ground and sometimes the designs are
- Chantilly lace. Lace made on a fine,
six-sided mesh background and elaborate patterns,
often floral designs. It is popular for lingerie,
and is often used for trimming veils. Made by the
bobbin method, the designs are outlined by thick
- Cluny lace. The traditional lace for
doilies and place mats it is also used for very
structured garments, such as suits. It is heavy,
made of thick cotton or man-made fibres using the
- Crocheted lace. Most often used for a
Boho style wedding dress. It is made with a single
yarn using a crochet hook to form loops which are
joined to other loops to form the design.
- Guipure lace. A type of bobbin lace in
which the motifs are made of large corded yarns and
are connected with bars or plaits (called brides or
bridges) rather than net or mesh.
- Irish lace. Strictly speaking, a heavy,
crocheted lace with a square mesh background, but
nowadays any lace made in Ireland, but generally
either crocheted lace or embroidered net. Often
ornamented with rose or shamrock medallion motifs.
- Needlepoint lace. Lace made with a sewing
or embroidery needle to form buttonhole stitches as
the basis of the design.
- Re-embroidered lace. Lace with the
designs outlined with embroidery stitching.
- Tatting. Generally used for edging
veils. A narrow, knotted lace worked with fingers
and a shuttle that holds the thread.
- Valenciennes lace (sometimes called Val
lace). A flat bobbin lace worked with
one thread forming both the background and the
design for the lace.
- Venise lace (sometimes called Venetian
or Venice lace). A needlepoint lace
usually having a floral pattern connected by picot